What is 5-Axis CNC Machining?

In Simple terms, CNC (Computer Numerical Control) machining refers to the process of removing material with high-speed precision machines that make use of a large range of cutting tools. The “5-axis” refers to a machine’s ability to move a tool or a part in five different axes simultaneously. On a 5-axis machining center, the tool moves across the X, Y, and Z linear axes and rotates on the A and C (also say B) axes simultaneously to approach the workpiece from any direction. In other words, you’ll be able to process a part from 5 directions in a very single setup.

What's the Difference Between 5-Axis Machining vs. 3+2 Axis Machining?

5-Axis Machining

5-axis CNC machining offers three linear axes and two rotational axes that job simultaneously to achieve complex surface machining.

3+2 Axis Machining

The 3-axis CNC machining offers a 3-axis milling process, with two additional axes to rotate the holding tool in a fixed position against manipulating it repetitively during the machining process.

Advantages of 5-axis Machining

A 5-axis CNC Machine helps you work on closer tolerances to achieve complex geometries while a 3+2 axis setup allows you to hold less complex parts in positions that allow better access to the features. The Simultaneous 5-axis machining technology raises the bounds on the types of part geometries you’ll machine. By allowing you to produce highly complex components during a single setup, these 5-axis CNC machines unbridle the imaginations of your engineers and redefine your overall capabilities. Equipped with the abilities of machining plenty of materials, to disrupt the manufacturing industries. Some of the benefits of the 5-Axis CNC machine are mentioned below.

Minimized steps

Fewer steps are needed to be made to create complex geometry. It uses a 5-axis technology to create the geometry compared to the traditional machining way. Multiple setups are possible with 3-axis machining but one can minimize the number of steps required to create the final design. It ensures more efficiency and reliability along with higher productivity.

No need for complex fixtures

Often with the 3-axis machine, complex fixtures are required to be made to create orientation and eliminates the requirement of creating the right kind of fixture. The foremost purpose behind this is that the part can be held once and rotated so that the geometry can be created effortlessly. 5-axis machining provides a great ability to make complex shapes in a single setup that leads to saving time, money, and operator error and these are the most predominant reasons behind using this machine.

Fast removal of material

The 5-axis machine allows the cutting tool to remain perpendicular to the cutting surface and therefore allows the cutting easier and faster removal of material. This also lessens the cycle times and the expenses, as well as more material, can be easily removed in every cycle of the tool. One can also check the CNC drilling procedure and it is too pretty much better compared to the other conventional methods.

Better surface finishing

If you are looking for a machine with a better surface finish then this machine is best suited for you. Compared to the traditional 3-axis machine, one can achieve smaller cuts and a good surface finish that results in better lead times and time to market. 


All-in-All The 5-axis machining technology helps in the cost-effective manufacturing of complex designs. Investing in a 5-axis CNC Machine will make an enormous difference to your business’s efficiency, productivity, and most importantly to your bottom line profits.